The Canadian Car and Foundry Cyclone

(A reverse running hurricane is known as a cyclone.)

Gallery Article by Alvis 3.1


During the early war years, many radical designs for fighters and attack planes never left the drawing board. One that did was the Canadian car and Foundry Cyclone. A typical exercise in Canadian compromise, the Cyclone wound up pleasing nobody.   

Intended from the outset to be a tactical support fighter for the RAF, the Cyclone incorporated several new concepts into one aircraft. The pusher prop and nosewheel configuration gave an excellent field of fire, and excellent ground handing properties. The canards afforded superb maneuverability. The rugged Hurricane structure, which it was based upon, leant a strong structure to the plane. Naturally, with all this going for it, it also attracted attention in the US. Three prototypes were requested, one for the USAAF, one for the USN, and one for the RAF. 


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The USN version was finished first, as the USN hadn't specified any weapons capability. The initial flights went smoothly, until September 23, 1941, when on carrier trials, the prototype hooked the number three wire, which immediately was drawn into the propeller. Slicing the cable, the SeaCyclone careened down the deck into six parked F4F-3 Wildcats, destroying all seven aircraft. The Navy lost all interest in the SeaCyclone at this point.

The USAAF got their version next. Initial flight trials again went smoothly until the gunnery tests began. The nose guns filled the cockpit with cordite smoke, but disastrously, the blast from the wing guns caused the canards to deflect up, causing a massive nose-down pitching. Had the plane been at some altitude, this may have not been a problem, but it occurred at 300 feet , and the pilot never had a chance. The USAAF also lost interest at this point, and the RAF cancelled their contract as well.
Canadian Car and Foundry was stuck with the last Cyclone, so naturally, they sold it to the RCAF. 

Stuck with the Cyclone, the RCAF decided to put it to useful work by towing targets around for AA gunners to shoot at. Unfortunately, on it's first mission, the gunner, mistaking the rear of the plane for the front (due to the pusher prop configuration) and "lead" the target the wrong direction. The Cyclone went down in a ball of flames. Thus ends a chapter in Canadian aviation best left forgotten.

Alvis 3.1


Photos and text by Alvis 3.1